Paranoia

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French: paranoïa
Psychosis[edit | edit source]

Paranoia is a form of psychosis characterized principally by delusions.

Sigmund Freud[edit | edit source]

Freud's experience of treating paranoiacs was limited.

Shreber Case[edit | edit source]

Freud's most extensive work on paranoia is an analysis of the written memoirs of a paranoiac -- a judge named Daniel Paul Schreber.<ref>Freud, Sigmund. "Psycho-Analytic Notes on an Autobiogrpahical Account of a Case of Paranoia (Dementia Paranoides)", 1911. SE XII: 3.</ref>

Homosexuality[edit | edit source]

It is in this work that Freud puts forward his theory that paranoia is a defence against homosexuality, arguing that the different forms of paranoiac delusion are based on different ways of negating the phrase "I (a man) love him."

Jacques Lacan[edit | edit source]

Lacan's interest in paranoia predates his interest in psychoanalysis.

Case of Aimée[edit | edit source]

It is the subject of his first major work, his doctoral dissertation.<ref>Lacan, Jacques. De la psychose paranoiaque dans ses rapports avec la personalité, Paris: Navarin, 1975. [1932].</ref> In this work, Lacan discusses a psychotic woman whom he calls "Aimée", whom he diagnoses as suffering from "self-punishment paranoia" (paranoïa d'autopunition) - a new clinical structure proposed by Lacan himself.

Seminar III[edit | edit source]

Lacan returns to the subject of paranoia in his seminar of 1955-6, The Psychoses which he devotes to a sustained commentary on the Schreber case. Lacan finds Freud's theory about the homosexual roots of paranoia inadequate and proposes instead his own theory of foreclosure the specific mechanism of psychosis.

Paranoiac Structure[edit | edit source]

Like all clinical structures, paranoia reveals in a particularly vivid way certain basic features of the psyche.

Paranoiac Alienation[edit | edit source]

The ego has a paranoiac structure<ref>Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p. 20</ref> because it is the site of a paranoiac alienation.<ref>Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p. 5</ref>

Paranoiac Knowledge[edit | edit source]

Knowledge (connaissance) itself is paranoiac.<ref>Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p. 2, 3, 17</ref>

Analytic Treatment[edit | edit source]

The process of psychoanalytic treatment induces controlled paranoia into the human subject.<ref>Lacan, Jacques. Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Tavistock Publications, 1977. p. 15</ref>

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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