Jacques Lacan[edit | edit source]
Behavior[edit | edit source]
An "act" is not mere "behavior" -- such as that of all animals -- but a uniquely human act, "since to our knowledge there is no other act but the human one."<ref>Lacan, Jacques. The Seminar. Book XI. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis, 1964. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis, 1977. p. 50</ref>
Ethics of Psychoanalysis[edit | edit source]
The psychoanalytic concept of responsibility is complicated in psychoanalysis by the discovery that, in addition to his conscious plans, the subject also has unconscious intentions. Hence someone may well commit an act which he claims was unintentional, but which analysis reveals to be the expression of an unconscious desire.
Freud called these acts "parapraxes," or "bungled actions." They are "bungled" only from the point of view of the conscious intention, since they are successful in expressing an unconscious desire.<ref>Freud, Sigmund. The Psychopathology of Everyday Life. SE VI. 1901.</ref>
Analysand[edit | edit source]
Analyst[edit | edit source]
Lacan dedicates a year of his seminar to discussing further the nature of the psychoanalytic act.<ref>Lacan, Jacques. Le Séminaire. Livre XV. L'acte psychanalytique, 1967-68. Unpublished.</ref>
Conclusion[edit | edit source]
It follows that, when it is fully and consciously assumed, "suicide is the only completely successful act."<ref>Lacan, Jacques. Télévision, Paris: Seuil, 1973. Television: A Challenge to the Psychoanalytic Establishment, ed. Joan Copjec, trans. Denis Hollier, Rosalind Krauss and Annette Michelson, New York: Norton, 1990]. p.66-7</ref>
The act expresses completely an intention which is both conscious and unconscious, the conscious assumption of the unconscious death drive (on the other hand, a sudden impulsive suicide attempt is not a true act, but probably a passage to the act).
See Also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]